dGermany should better protect itself against heat and drought, heavy rain and storms, i.e. against the extreme weather events that also occur more frequently in this country due to climate change. For the first time there is a binding framework for this. On Thursday, the Bundestag approved the Federal Climate Adaptation Law with the votes of the traffic light coalition formed by the SPD, the Greens and the FDP. However, it is not clear where the billions for the planned measures will come from. In a joint resolution, the traffic light parties demand that the federal and state governments work together to ensure sustainable financing.
According to the resolution, the federal government has already done what was previously legally permitted and possible with individual financing measures, such as natural climate protection, to support municipalities in the context of climate adaptation. But that is not enough for comprehensive prevention.
At the expert hearing, experts and representatives of municipal organizations asked that a new joint climate adaptation task be created in the Basic Law. This would place greater financial burdens on the federal government. A two-thirds majority of the Bundestag would be required to amend the Basic Law. The Federal Ministry of the Environment, led by Steffi Lemke (Greens), wants to discuss the issue of joint financing at the next conference with the environment ministers of the federal states in Münster at the end of November and beginning of December. .
The Climate Adaptation Act obliges the federal government, the federal states and municipalities to develop concepts and strategies to better protect the population, buildings and infrastructure against extreme weather conditions and ensure adaptation to climate change, for example in urban planning and agriculture. However, it is not specified what exactly needs to be done to avoid or at least reduce the damage and risks caused by climate change. This is, in addition to unclear financing, the main criticism of the CDU and CSU faction.
The federal government’s bill was modified in some points in the Environment Commission. Especially at the instigation of the SPD, job security should now also be taken into account as part of climate adaptation and specific precautions should also be taken for vulnerable groups. Countries will also have more time for their climate adaptation strategies: they must now be available by January 31, 2027, a year later than initially planned.